Personal Customs Exemptions for Returning Canadians

The People of Canada

The population of Canada sits somewhere around 34 million, making Canada an officially “mid-sized” country. Smaller than places like Brazil, Poland or Egypt, but bigger than Peru, Taiwan or Holland.

White Canadians

It's quite difficult to produce accurate numbers on the racial makeup of Canada since the categories are fairly imprecise and may, in some cases, overlap. Here's a rough estimate based on the 2006 census (click to see data.)

As we learned in the history chapter, Canadians didn’t just spring from the soil. Aside from a small community of aboriginals, everyone who lives in Canada is descended from immigrants of some sort, the offspring of agricultural settlers and economic migrants who left their native homelands to eke out a better living in the mysterious New World. 

English-Canadians

British immigrants came in waves; some Anglo-Canadian families have been living in Canada so long they have no idea when their forefathers first sailed over, while others may be the offspring of English or Scottish workers who left the British Isles during 20th century periods of war or depression. 

French-Canadians

Separatist protesters

As we'll discuss in more detail in the Quebec chapter, a sizeable chunk of French-Canadians believe that Quebec should separate from Canada, and form an independent French-Canadian nation state. This remains one of the most serious, ongoing political dramas in modern Canada.

Co-existing (often uneasily) with the Anglos are the French-Canadians, or Francophones, who represent the second-biggest ethno-demographic in Canada, at around 16 per cent the national populace. Concentrated almost  in the provinceof Quebec